Andy Warhol and Jean-Michel Basquiat:
Michael Halsband, Andy Warhol and Jean-Michel Basquiat, 1985. Courtesy Swann Galleries
The iconic friendship between Pop Art legend Andy Warhol and the emerging artist Jean-Michel Basquiat became legendary in art history. When they first met in 1982, Warhol, 32 years older than Basquiat, was initially driven crazy by the young artist. Basquiat had longed to meet Warhol and ed with a painting of the two after their encounter in a New York City diner. Warhol, deeply impressed, noted the swift turnaround and their collaboration began. Their friendship fueled mutual fame, creativity, and inspiration. Warhol's late '80s productivity soared, influenced by Basquiat. Keith Haring described their collaboration as a seamless, paint-filled conversation that surpassed words, marked by humor, snide remarks, profound realizations, and simple chit-chat.
Jean-Michel Basquiat, Dos Cabezas, 1982
Helen Frankenthaler and Grace Hartigan:
In the late 1940s, female Abstract Expressionist artists Helen Frankenthaler and Grace Hartigan formed a profound and enduring friendship amidst the predominantly male art circles in New York City. Defying the prevailing sexism of their time, they played pivotal roles in shaping the feminist narrative in art. Despite facing challenges in the art world, the two artists were determined to carve their paths. Frankenthaler and Hartigan supported each other through this struggle, maintaining their friendship throughout their lives. Although they weathered challenging periods, such as tensions arising from Hartigan's issues with Frankenthaler's lover, the art critic Clement Greenberg, their bond persisted.
Helen Frankenthaler, Mountains and Sea, 1952, oil and charcoal on canvas, National Gallery of Art, Washington, Courtesy of the Helen Frankenthaler Foundation, Inc.
Though their friendship endured with unwavering support, critique, and an exchange of ideas, it wasn't without its share of drama. In navigating the intensely critical male-dominated art world, these resilient women had developed a feisty spirit. In 1952, tensions flared as Grace, during a period of arguments, expressed her fury in her journal over Helen reneging on a promise to help hang her upcoming exhibition. Their divergent beginnings in the art world were a consistent source of friction, with Grace balancing art, work, and childcare, while Helen, the darling of their circle, faced fewer distractions. Despite clashes over art, privilege, and relationships, the two always found their way back to each other, and their friendship endured until Grace's passing in 2008.
Grace Hartigan, Untitled, 1953, screenprint, 19 x 27.3 cm.
Paul Gauguin and Vincent van Gogh:
Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh Painting Sunflowers, 1888Van Gogh Museum
In the autumn of 1888, the intersection of Place Lamartine in Arles, southern France, housed Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin for a brief 63 days. These Post-Impressionist painters, each on their distinct artistic journey, resided in a now-vanished modest two-story home. This residence, vividly depicted in Van Gogh's paintings like The Yellow House (1888) and The Bedroom (1888), stands as a fleeting testament to their shared creative exploration during that period.
Vincent Van Gogh, Self-portrait with Bandaged Ear and Pipe, 1889, and Paul Gauguin, Self-portrait with the Idol, 1893.
Despite frequent quarrels fueled by Van Gogh's complexity and Gauguin's pride, the artists learned from each other, experimenting with techniques and pigments. The climax of their discord occurred when Van Gogh famously severed his left ear after a heated argument. Gauguin left Arles, but their friendship endured through exchanged letters until their deaths. In a poignant gesture, they participated in an art exchange in 1888 with fellow artist Emile Bernard, inspired by Japanese printmakers. Van Gogh saw this exchange as a testament to their mutual liking and harmony, expressing the belief that the more they resembled the Japanese printmakers in their unity, the better it would be for them.